Varicose Veins Treatment ( From £125)
Varicose veins are veins that appear to be enlarged, abnormally thick, or full of visible twists and turns. Veins that have the tendency to become varicosed are those that are located on a person’s leg or thighs. Varicose veins are not only unattractive to look at – they can also cause vascular problems if not treated in their earliest stages.
Varicose veins are enlarged veins (usually found on the legs and thighs) that are swollen and raised above the surface of the skin. They can be coloured blue or dark purple, and can look twisted and bulging; they are said to develop when valves in the veins that allow blood to flow toward the heart stop working properly. As a result, blood pools in the veins – causing them to become abnormally enlarged.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
Aside from the obvious appearance of varicose veins, here are additional symptoms that can be experienced when the veins become varicosed:
- Legs that often feel heavy, itchy, or painful
- Severe pain experienced in the legs upon standing up
- Leg cramps in the middle of the night
- Leg pain symptoms that can intensify after a long day of standing up.
- Veins that protrude or bulge from under the skin and may feel ropey.
Causes of Varicose Veins
The causes of varicose are still not completely known. It is believed that varicose veins are caused by the absence or weakness of valves in the veins, which results to poor venous circulation (blood flow in the veins). The valves that are located inside veins usually act to ensure proper blood flow is maintained inside the veins.
Weaknesses in the vein walls are also believed to be another cause of varicose veins, as weak vein walls cause the pooling of the blood. The walls of the blood vessels can become weaker and less competent than normal with the passage of time, causing the volume of blood in the veins to increase – and causing the veins to become enlarged and varicosed.
Less common causes of varicose veins include medical conditions, such as: any obstruction of blood flow that can lead to blood clots, congenital abnormalities of the veins, or phlebitis (vein inflammation).
Laser Treatment for Varicose Veins
Laser treatments are considered to be the best treatments possible for varicose veins. Laser vein removal is a quick, effective, and non-invasive way to treat the appearance of superficial varicose veins. A laser treatment for varicose veins involves targeting the wavelength of light to the pigment in the blood. The light energy is absorbed by the lining of the blood vessels, and by the blood within the blood vessels. The laser heats up the small vein and works to damage it, so that in a period of four to six weeks, the vein is reabsorbed by the body and eventually disappears. The advanced laser treatments allow the delivery of a precise dosage of energy to each blood vessel.
Other Treatment Options for Varicose Veins
Sclerotherapy – This procedure involves the injection of small- and medium-sized varicose veins with a solution that will scar and close those veins. In a few weeks, treated varicose veins are expected to fade. Sclerotherapy doesn’t require the administration of an anaesthetic.
Vein stripping – This procedure involves removing a long vein through a series of small incisions. The removal of the vein will not affect the circulation on the leg because veins that are located deeper in the leg can take on the responsibility of the circulation of larger volumes of blood.
Endoscopic vein surgery – This operation may only be needed in cases involving leg ulcers. The surgeon inserts a thin video camera into the leg to visualize and close varicose veins; the veins will then be removed using a series of small incisions.
Catheter-assisted procedures – This procedure is usually performed by the insertion of a thin tube (catheter) into an enlarged vein; the tip of the catheter will then be heated. As the catheter is pulled out, the heat will work on destroying vein by causing it to collapse and seal shut. This procedure is normally used for larger varicose veins.
Ambulatory phlebectomy – This procedure is performed by removing smaller varicose veins through a series of tiny skin punctures. Only the parts of the leg that are being pricked will be numbed with this particular procedure.